To format data so that it can be read and used by another application, thereby allowing multiple programs to share the same data. Data can be exported and imported between word processing programs, different types of graphics programs, or different types of applications altogether (such as a database program and a spreadsheet program). The export feature is under the File menu in most programs; go to it from within the program you want to export out of and you'll find a list of supported programs or file formats for exporting.
Medical slang for a patient near death who refuses to give up the ghost. In office speak, this expression is generally used to describe projects that have no more life in them but refuse to die. For example, "That disk conversion project has been circling the drain for years."
A leased line connection capable of carrying data at a very high speed (as in 1,544,000 bps or 1.544 Mbps). At maximum theoretical capacity, a T1 line could move a megabyte in less than 10 seconds but that is still not enough bandwidth for full-screen, full-motion video (for which you need at least 10,000,000 bps).
T1 is the fastest telephone trunk line commonly used to connect networks to the Internet. ADSL and HDSL technologies are implemented on T1 transmission links.
Best thought of as an automatic e-mail response, it is a bot that has become an essential Internet tool for netcentric businesses. An autoresponder sends "canned" e-mail messages instantly to people who request information. It can be as simple as sending one message to anyone who writes to a specific e-mail address, or it can be as sophisticated as offering fifty different response messages, each one sent based on the text of the received e-mail message.
The combining of different media from a variety of sources (type, computer graphics, scanned images, animation, video). Similar to multimedia, but more often used to describe a collage or kitchen-sink approach. Can also refer to static images that have these combined elements.
A network service in which wireless devices or systems are situated in fixed, stationary locations (such as an office or home) and data is transmitted via large antennas (as opposed to wireless mobile devices, such as cell phones or PDAs). Fixed wireless devices normally derive their electrical power from utility mains, as opposed to portable wireless devices, which derive their power from batteries. The biggest advantages of fixed wireless networks include the fastest data throughput (up to T1 speed) and the ability to connect users in remote areas without laying new cable (because the technology uses satellites).
A string of characters that sets a modem into action, usually starting with "AT," for "attention." You must configure the initialization string on old computers for Internetaccess (on modern computers, a wizard usually guides you through this process). These strings vary according to type of computer and type of modem, so read the manual (RTM) and follow the wizard before you call the computer company's tech support people.
The forward slash is the name of the "/" character on the computer keyboard. On a QWERTY keyboard, it is commonly located below the "?" mark on the same key. Forward slashes are used to describe a network address, a URL, and other kinds of Internet addresses. For example, when relaying the URL of NetLingo, you will hear "http colon slash slash dub-dub-dub dot netlingo dot com" which translates to "http://www.netlingo.com".
For a listing of computer keyboard key explanations, click on the "more info" button below!
Slang for a permanent freelancer. A person hired as an independent contractor (or consultant) on a per-project basis who lives a benefits-free existence (or pays for them herself through her own company ;-)
When your computer (or a network) suddenly stops working, it is said to have "frozen up" (meaning that nothing will move). In most cases, to get the thing started again, you have to reboot. Freeze also means to stop the development of something (usually software) when the developer feels it's "stable enough" for release.
The file format for documents viewed and created by AdobeAcrobat Reader, Acrobat Capture, Adobe Distiller, Adobe Exchange, and the Adobe Acrobat Amber plugin. This technology has succeeded in standardizing the format of documents used and transferred on the Internet. One of the benefits of using Acrobat and PDFs is that it doesn't matter whether you're a corporate guy using Microsoft Office products, an engineer using a CAD program, or an art director using desktop publishing software-you can quickly deliver business documents to a colleague or to the entire company without having to recreate them in other applications.
PDF has revolutionized the printing industry to the degree that it is considered good business for publishers of books to offer a "hard copy version" and a "PDF version." You will often see graphical buttons on the Web that say "Download the PDF version," so go ahead and try it.
PDF is also seen and heard as "PDF format" (this is redundant, but widely used).
The ability of a program to run on more than one computer operating system, such as Mac, Windows, or Linux. It's also the ability of a file or Web page to be accurately viewed on a variety of computer operating systems. Before the Internet became so commercially popular, many programs or files were not compatible with other operating systems (and you couldn't share work with anyone unless they were on the same system). But because the Internet is such an open standard for communication, programs had to become cross-platform so we could all view each other's information. This term is also used to describe people who know both Mac and Windows (and/or Linux or other operating systems). You'll hear it used like this: "I'm cross-platform. I know both Mac and PC."
Traditionally, this is the branch of metaphysics that deals with the nature of being. Ontology is now also used among artificial intelligence systems to support the sharing and reuse of formally represented knowledge. It helps define the common vocabulary in which shared knowledge is represented.
In general terms, it is the rate at which a company expends cash over a certain period, usually a month. Specifically it is the pace at which a start-up spends its VC money while waiting to turn a profit. For example, IPOs are fueled by financial projections, and analysts like to bet on companies that promise to show profit long before they burn out.
A sudden and catastrophic collapse of an individual's ability to keep all the profiles of his or her online identity straight when the individual joins one too many social networks. For example, "I was OK keeping up with Facebook, Flickr, and Myspace, but after throwing lawlink, Last.fm, and Orkut into the mix, I had a total identity crash and forgot what went where."
A Web site that serves as a starting point to other destinations or activities on the Web. Initially thought of as a home base with links to other sites in the same subject area, portals now attempt to provide all of a user's Internet needs, in one location. Pioneered by Yahoo!, portals aggregate other people's content. MSN and AOL are also popular Web portals.
For example, portals commonly provide services such as e-mail, online chat rooms, games, shopping, searching, content, newsfeeds, travel information, stock quotes, horoscopes, weather, and so on. Portals grew out of the technology inherent with the Internet and are an excellent example of how to take advantage of "user loyalty" via sticky content.
Additional definitions include these: A personal portal is a site on the Web that typically provides personalized capabilities to its visitors, providing a pathway to other content (such as Invesor's Business Daily). It is designed to use distributed applications, different numbers and types of middleware and hardware to provide services from a number of different sources. Business portals are designed to share collaboration in workplaces (for example SharePoint). A business-driven requirement of portals is that the content be able to work on multiple platforms such as personal computers, PDAs, and cell phones.
Used interchangeably with program and software, this is a general term for a program that performs specific tasks, such as word processing, database management, e-mail sending or retrieval, or Web browsing. Unlike system software, which maintains and organizes the computer system (such as the operating system), an app is an end-user program.
An online ad that allows advertisers to present full-screen ads during the time it takes a Web page to download. Viewers must manually close the additional browser window that loads the hyperstitial ad, and this makes it more difficult to ignore than the common ad banner. The difference between this ad and a regular interstitial is the size; hyperstitials are full-screen sized, interstitials are smaller.
A camera design that allows the user to view directly through the lens for more accurate framing and composition. The design also makes it easy to change lenses if you want to use a specialty lens. These specialty lenses are larger so the overall cameras tend to be heavier. These digital cameras are more expensive and as an added benefit, they typically do not have a long lag time between shots.
Handwriting recognition software used in popular PDAs. Graffiti even recognizes symbols that aren't necessarily letters. Created by Jeff Hawkins in 1994, it gives users greater speed in recording information. This stylized way of writing recognizable letters, numbers, and symbols is also referred to as graffiti.
The practice of assigning a "buddy" to a new employee once he or she is hired, it is considered the modern version of a "welcome wagon." Bosses who favor this trend say a well-planned company introduction helps new recruits ramp up more quickly and also serves as a crash course in company culture.
A term that refers to the Web surfing characteristics of a given person.
Based on the number of page views, time spent on each Web page, or the time
of day or week a Web page is viewed, an Internet user can be distinguished
from other users. The ability to identify one user from another based on
their "clickprint" pattern has a significant impact in preventing fraud. For example, if someone has signed in with someone else's credentials, but their
clickprint was different, this could indicate their ID has been stolen.
Studies have shown that by monitoring just seven Internet sessions, a user
can be distinguished by their unique Web surfing patterns. From these seven
sessions, researchers can accurately identify users by their clickprint 86 percent of the time. When researchers increase the number of sessions to 51, they were able to identify users by their clickprint 99 percent of the time. While
controversy exists on whether this data collection method invades users'
privacy, Amazon.com (as well as numerous credit card companies) track users'
every move online with clickprints.
Online jargon used primarily in chat, IM, e-mail, blogs, or newsgrouppostings, the brackets signify emotion from the person writing it. For example: We've moved beyond buddies, now we're friends with benefits .
A company's attempt to throw out as many press releases as possible to make it appear that they have a partnership with the big boys. All too often, though, a vendor release will have a headline such as, "XYZ Company & GE Corporation Sign Deal," when in fact it is just announcing that General Electric will supply coffee machines for XYZ's kitchen.
To display, present, or post some type of written, auditory, or visual media on the World Wide Web, with the intent of making it available entirely or in part to all users or just certain users. This is "publishing without paper," and most newspapers and magazines now e-publish an electronic version of their publication on the Web. Access to these e-journals or e-zines is usually free if you register, or in some cases, there is a subscription price. A widely held thought is that any time you put up a Web page of your own, even if it is a simple homepage or vanity page, for personal reasons, you are actually publishing electronic content. Online publishing is easier and cheaper than traditional print publishing, and better yet, your content is available to almost anyone in the world for practically free. It took a little time for print publishers to understand the online arena, but now that they do, e-publishing is considered the future of that industry as well. The production, distribution, and sale of books via the Internet as print-on-demand (POD) paperbacks or downloadable files are especially promising.
Some will call it a modern Utopia, others the total invasion of privacy. Here's an example of how a wired community works:
Fiber-optic cable runs under the street and into your house, and the Internet is always-on, at speeds that are 100 times faster than a 56Kmodem. The same wires also deliver cheap phone service (POTS) with video capability, plus hundreds of digital cable channels and HDTV signals. The network within your home allows you to monitor systems such as your burglar alarm and air conditioning from any computer in the world (including the one in your car). Meanwhile, you can also login to your office from your living room or have a casual conversation with your neighbor via the Net. With everyone's e-mail address listed on the community intranet, you can plan parties via e-mail or peruse the local BBS to find a babysitter. handheld and auto-based computers will offer access to GPS technology that allows you to track the location, say, of the public bus or to get directions and traffic reports on your way to wherever. Concerned mothers can check the cam in the local day-care center, and since local stores and commercial outlets such as the bank operate online, you can order dinner, a dry-cleaning pickup, and even home-delivery of your groceries. The local hospital and school are also on the network, which means you can check in remotely with doctors and teachers as they access the latest in long-distance learning and telemedicine.
It may sound a bit far-fetched but in fact, it's here.