An automatic mailing list server developed by Eric Thomas for BITNET in 1986. When e-mail is addressed to a LISTSERV mailing list, it is automatically broadcast to everyone on the list. The result is similar to a newsgroup or forum, except that the messages are transmitted as e-mail and are therefore available only to individuals on the list.
LISTSERV is currently a commercial product marketed by L-Soft International. Although LISTSERV refers to a specific mailing list server, the term is sometimes incorrectly used to refer to any mailing list server. Another popular mailing list server is majordomo, which is freeware.
A multi-user simulation environment, usually text-based. It incorporates an object-oriented programming language that participants use to construct their own characters and worlds. Some worlds are purely for fun and flirting, but others are used for serious software development, educational purposes, and all that lies in between. A significant feature of most MUDs is that users can create things that stay after they leave and that can be further developed in their absence, thus allowing a world to be built gradually and collectively.
A modem's speed is measured by the number of bits it can transfer in a second. Modems rated in kilobits per second are now the standard. Bandwidth is also measured in Mbps (millions of bits or Megabits per second) and Gbps (billions of bits or Gigabits per second), depending on the medium and transmission method. Note: Kb is kilobit, KB is kilobyte.
Slang for a tween's bedroom, staples in "the technology cave" include a TV, computer, stereo, iPod, and cell phone.
Historical perspective: In 2010, it was hardly news that young people are fascinated with social media, video games, TV, and iPods, but a new study by the Kaiser Family Foundation found the average young person from 8 to 18� spends literally every waking moment outside of school on the Internet, watching TV, listening to music on MP3 players, texting, or using some other electronic device. That comes to kids spending an average of seven and half hours daily consuming media in some form, AND, when you include multitasking, kids actually consume close to 11 hours' worth of content in that time!
The act of preparing words in a document specifically for enhanced searching, "stemming" determines word boundaries in a query or document. For example, “run” will match with “running,” “runs,” and “ran.” The purpose of stemming is to increase the relevancy of search results as well as the speed of search results.
A person who works primarily on their laptop outside of a traditional office setting. Usually freelancers, "laptop nomads" often work out of their home offices and are regularly seen typing away in cafes with hotspots. Similar to a road warrior in the sense that the laptop nomad is able to do his or her work from anywhere, there is a movement called "co-working" which gives independent workers and solo entrepreneurs the opportunity to share one big office space with perks they might not get a t home, such as conference rooms espresso machines, and opportunities for socializing. Co-workers can either drop in or rent a dedicated area in spaces ranging from funky industrial lofts to sleeker sites with a more corporate ambiance.
A technique for typing employed by those who do not know how to type properly. Instead of using ten fingers, he or she will only use one or two fingers and must look around the keyboard to find the next letter to type.
Note: Many Web site authors put notes in the source to inform you which code is proprietary (and therefore should not be copied) and which code is available for copying (for that, though, you must request permission from and cite the author or programmer of the copied page).
The act of creating computer programs, Web sites, and other applications. "Code" refers to the typed program instructions that programmers write. The written code is interpreted into a language that a system can read and execute. A favorite term among Web developers, code is often mentioned with interesting verbs. For example, you may hear programmers say, "We're busy slinging code," which means they are writing a computer program or programming a database or Web site.
Spelled as two words, it refers to RSS, a technology that allows you to see when Web sites have added new content. For example on a news Web site, you can subscribe to the news feed and get the latest headlines and video in one place, as soon as its published. On a social networking site for example, feeds highlight what's happening in your social circles, and on Twitter for example, feeds display what your followers are posting.
An e-mail account that automatically deletes everything that goes into it. For example, if you have several e-mail accounts at the same domain name which regularly receive spam, your Webmaster may set up an e-mail account and associate a rule or filter with it, so that anything that gets sent to it, is deleted (and therefore doesn't download into your bona fide accounts). At NetLingo, we've set up "email@example.com" to be a spam trap so that anything that gets sent to that address gets deleted (because we don't use that as an e-mail address but it is a popular one with spam bots).
An open technology specification for short-range radio links between mobile PCs, "smart" devices, and other portable machines. It is a networking technology that enables data to easily transfer from one device to another, and unlike infrared (which requires a clear line of sight to operate properly), Bluetooth operates over a 2.4 gigahertz radio frequency that allows communications through obstacles over distances of 30 feet. This means, for example, that if this technology is combined with MP3, your audio could follow you from your living room to your car to your office. The same data (your preferred songs) could get transferred to different devices (your home stereo, your car radio, and your office audio system). You could also use your phone to create a wireless Internet connection for your laptop.
Bluetooth is a global wirelessstandard, and it eliminates the need for cords, thus allowing friends and business associates to exchange contact information much more easily. Building on the convenience of using a LAN for file and printer sharing, the creators envision a Bluetooth-enabled home, where the appliances talk to each other using you as the antenna. (Wouldn't you want your datebook to check your refrigerator to be sure there's enough orange juice for Sunday brunch? see: PAN).
On a more practical side, having your PDA, cell phone, desktop computer, and laptop computer automatically synchronize address books and calendars just by being in the same room sounds like a good thing. Named after the tenth century Danish king Harald Bl�tand (which translates to Bluetooth), who unified Denmark and Norway, it is gaining momentum under the joint development backing of Nokia, IBM, Intel, LM Ericsson, and Toshiba.
Commonly referred to as spam, UCE, however is a more appropriate name for unwanted "junk" e-mail messages than the term spam. Spam refers to unwanted postings in newsgroups, but it's meaning has extended to include unsolicited commercial e-mail as well.
The area on a monitor or any other computer device (including handhelds, PDAs, laptops, cell phones, pagers, etc.) that you look at, it is the area which displays text and graphical information (similar to a television screen). Acronyms and smileys are used to convey information and emotion as "screens" get smaller and smaller. You may hear someone say "he spends all of his time in front of that darn screen."
Originally thought of as a buzzword, "gamification" has entered the digital mainstream as both an interactive marketing method and an application. Gamification is the use of gaming technology for non-game applications, particularly consumer-oriented Web sites and mobile sites, in order to encourage people to connect with and use the applications. Gamification works by making technology more engaging and by encouraging desired behaviors (such as performing chores that they ordinarily consider boring, like filling out surveys, shopping, or reading Web sites.
Examples of gamifications include rewarding points to people who share experiences on location-based platforms, such as Farmville on Facebook and foursquare's social network.
A term coined by William Gibson in his novel Neuromancer, it is the digital world constructed by computer networks, and in particular, the Internet. Whenever you hear the term "cyberspace," it generally refers to the online world, which is a place that actually exists, albeit as a communications medium rather than another galaxy.
Perceived as an immaterial realm of data or some kind of virtual world, it is actually a physical infrastructure made up of the wires above our head, the cable beneath our feet, and the satellite dishes in the sky. Some people don't like this term because it's become commercialized, but at the same time, it represents the attitude of people who consider themselves wired or connected.
In computer-speak, a frame is a rectangular area absolutely positioned on the display screen. In the online world, a frame refers to a single section of a Web page that's been coded to display "frames."
Slang for street criminals hired by crooked doctors and lawyers to cause traffic accidents and file phony injury claims. Crash dummies are paid a set fee; the doctors and lawyers split the insurance settlements. You may see this term in the chat rooms and newsgroups.
A series of letters, numbers, and/or symbols by which you identify yourself and by which the Internet identifies you (actually, your computer). It is also a location where information is stored. Through the use of addresses, people can send e-mail, look at Web sites, and send or receive files and documents.
An e-mail address takes the form of firstname.lastname@example.org, where the username"> is a name you have chosen and the host name is that of your ISP or e-mail provider. The symbol in the middle is the "at" symbol (@). Your e-mail address is verbalized as "username at hostname dot com."
A Web address is the same as a URL. Think of it as a telephone number, where every one is different. A WWW address usually starts with "http://www" followed by a "dot" and then a domain name. The Internet is global, and most companies outside the United States use their country's abbreviation instead of the popular "dot com." (For a list of country code abbreviations, see: country codes.)
An Internet address refers to both of the above, as well as to an IPaddress, which is a number given to a computer terminal where a user logs on to the Internet. If you've ever seen a set of numbers in place of a domain name (for example, http://188.8.131.52), you've seen that Web site's IP address.
For network address, see: node.